DE HAVILLAND MOTH

 

Home Research For Teachers HISTORY
Level 1
Level 2
Level 3
PRINCIPLES
Level 1
Level 2
Level 3
CAREER
Level 1
Level 2
Level 3
Search Hot Links What's New!
Gallery Feedback Admin/Tools

Please let me remind all of you--this material is copyrighted. Though partially funded by NASA, it is still a private site. Therefore, before using our materials in any form, electronic or otherwise, you need to ask permission.
There are two ways to browse the site: (1) use the search button above to find specific materials using keywords; or,
(2) go to specific headings like history, principles or careers at specific levels above and click on the button. 
Teachers may go directly to the Teachers' Guide from the For Teachers button above or site browse as in (1) and  (2).

FAQnewred.gif (906 bytes)          


DE HAVILLAND MOTH

de_haviilland_moth.jpg (3720 bytes)

 

The de Havilland Company, headed by Captain Geoffrey de Havilland, was a leader in the development of a light plane for sale to the English public.  In 1923 the company entered the D.H. 53 Hummingbird in the Lympne trials, which was organized by the Air Ministry to encourage light plane development.  However, the provisions of the trials called for the use of very small engines, and the Hummingbird lacked performance because it was underpowered.  To remedy this, de Havilland introduced a more powerful plane, the D.H. 60, nicknamed the Moth, which was powered by a four-cylinder engine derived from a Renault V-8 produced during World War I.  Introduced in 1925, the D.H. 60 became so successful that the entire supply of Renault engine parts was soon used up.

Accordingly, de Havilland and engineer Frank Halford designed a new engine producing more horsepower but weighing only 14 pounds more than the D.H. 60's engine. This new engine was known as the Gipsy, and when it was installed in a de Havilland biplane in 1928, the plane was called the Gipsy Moth.

By 1930 the Gipsy Moth had become England's most popular light plane for private flying.  Inexpensive and easy to fly, the biplane made private flying possible for thousands of Britons.  To meet the demand for this dependable aircraft, the de Havilland Company had to increase production from less than one aircraft per week to more than three per day. It wasn't long before 85 out of every 100 private planes in England were Moths produced by de Havilland.

Not only did this aircraft popularize private flying but it also accounted for a number of flight records.  In 1930 Francis Chichester, after only 100 hours of flying time, piloted a Gipsy Moth solo from England to Australia, and Amy Johnson matched his feat, becoming the first woman to make the flight.

Throughout the 1930s, the Moth was produced in several different versions.  Finally, prior to World War II, it was modified for use as a military training plane and renamed the Tiger Moth.  Most of the Royal Air Force pilots who fought in the Battle of Britain received their flight training in the Tiger Moth.


The preceding information was extracted from the pamphlet,
"The Great Airplanes Sterling Silver Miniature Collection", published by The Franklin Mint, 1979.
Permission was granted to ALLSTAR by The Franklin Mint to use the preceding materials.
 
ALLSTAR maintains the copyright for the format in which the material is presented.


Send all comments to allstar@fiu.edu
1995-2017 ALLSTAR Network. All rights reserved worldwide.

Funded in part by Used with permission from The Franklin Mint

newben.gif (11399 bytes)

Updated: March 12, 2004