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Please let me remind all of you--this material is copyrighted. Though partially funded by NASA, it is still a private site. Therefore, before using our materials in any form, electronic or otherwise, you need to ask permission.
There are two ways to browse the site: (1) use the search button above to find specific materials using keywords; or,
(2) go to specific headings like history, principles or careers at specific levels above and click on the button. 
Teachers may go directly to the Teachers' Guide from the For Teachers button above or site browse as in (1) and  (2).

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Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ's) on History


FAQ on African-American contributions

The majority of information on african american contributions to the aeronautics field can be found at http://www.allstar.fiu.edu/aero/history2.htm under heroes or at http://www.allstar.fiu.edu/prime-tech/bia/default.htm.


FAQ on Airplanes

All the information on airplane history that we have is already on the website. Go to our main page http://www.allstar.fiu.edu and click on history level 2. You will find the history of airplanes in more detail. For a list of the greatest airplanes, go to http://www.allstar.fiu.edu/aero/50airplanes.htm.


FAQ on Astronauts

Contact NASA through their website www.nasa.gov. There is a section on their site about contacting astronauts. They may be able to help you with your request.


FAQ on first man to reach space

Go to http://members.aol.com/astromem/. This site may have two candidates Vladimir Komarov who was the first human to die returning from space and Michael Adams whose X-15 had reached the edges of space and re-entered the atmosphere undergoing extreme buffeting that disintegrated the aircraft.


FAQ on navigation in 1944

Please go to http://www.allstar.fiu.edu/aero/FlightTheory.htm and click on navigation systems. See if any of the materials you find are helpful.


FAQ on Rocketry

The information we have on rocketry can be found on our website at http://www.allstar.fiu.edu. At the top of our mainpage is our link to our search engine. Click on search and type in rockets.You will find the pages called rocket history and a brief history of rockets, which might be of interest.


FAQ on Spirit of St. Louis

It appears that the name was given in honor of France's patron Saint, Saint Louis, not in honor of the city of his adoption, but for King Saint Louis of France, patron saint of the Missouri metropolis. This information can be found in the internet's World Book 1927 edition using the Yahoo! search engine.


FAQ on Tuskegee Airmen

For more detail on the Tuskegee Airmen, check the following
the Tuskegee Airmen and pictures of Tuskegee Airmen


FAQ on Neil Armstrong

Please see the biography on Armstrong at http://www.allstar.fiu.edu/aero/armstrong.htm. Also, please see http://www.nationalaviation.org/ as well. In relation to frequently asked questions: - To get contact information you can try the NASA website http://www.nasa.gov and go to the astronaut portion of the website or type "biography armstrong." - Neil Armstrong did not change his religion. - The reason for the waving flag on the moon is that because there is NO wind on the moon, they had to create a brace at the top of the flagpole so that the flag would be stretched open to appear to be fluttering in the wind. If you look at the picture closely, the flag is wider at the top than at the bottom due to the brace.


FAQ on GEN Henry H Arnold

Please view our page on arnold at http://www.allstar.fiu.edu/aero/arnold.htm . Also, we suggest that you view the following from the National Aviation Hall of Fame website at http://www.nationalaviation.org Also the following NASA biography with picture and books written about the man http://www.hq.nasa.gov/pao/History/x1/arnold.html   we did a search using YAHOO! search engine in advanced search mode and typed in "Hap Arnold" asking for an exact match of the phrase and got over 370 websites.


FAQ on Willa Brown

For more detail on Willa Brown, check the following
Willa Brown


FAQ on Jacques Bullard

For more detail on Jacques Bullard, check the following
Jacques Bullard


FAQ on Bessie Coleman

For more detail on Bessie Coleman, check the following
http://www.allstar.fiu.edu/aero/coleman.htm and pictures of Bessie


FAQ on Ben Davis

For more detail on Gen. Ben Davis, check the following
pictures of Gen. Ben Davis


FAQ on Doolittle, James 'Jimmy'

Doolittle, James 'Jimmy' (Harold)(1896--1993) aviator; born in Alameda, Calif. Commissioned in the Army Air Corps in 1920,he pioneered instrument landing techniques as a test pilot during the 1920s.Doolittle resigned from the regular service in 1930 to join the Shell OilCompany as an executive. Pursuing his interest in aircraft development, he set a world speed record in 1932. Recalled to active duty in 1940, Doolittle led the famous 1942 attack on Tokyo and other Japanese cities by 16 B-25 bombers flying off the aircraft carrier USS Hornet, a daring operation that gave a terrific boost to morale on the home front. He commanded the 12th Air Force during the North Africa campaign (1942--43), the 15th Air Force in Italy (1943), and the 8th Air Force during the intensive bombing offensive against Germany (1944--45). Doolittle returned to Shell after the war and was a vice-president and director of the company until his retirement in 1959.
The remaining Doolittle Raiders still meet each year and drink a toast to their comrades who have passed on.


FAQ on Annette Gipson

Go to the Yahoo search engine, to the advanced search option, and type in Annette Gipson. Also set the exact match option. You will get 4 websites of which two will have some information. She was an aviatrix who set the airspeed record for women and then had an all-women's air race named after her. You can do some digging at your local library as well.


FAQ on Leroy Grumman

You might contact the company that he founded (Grumman Aircraft) in Long Island, NY. They may be able to help you on this. A long treatise of his life can be found through the National Aviation Hall of Fame to which we have a link from our links page.


FAQ on "Chappie" James

For more detail on Gen. "Chappie" James, check the following
Gen. Daniel "Chappie" James and pictures of Chappie James. For contact information, check the NARA website; it is the government's archives website. The other possibility is to contact the Tuskegee Airmen Association (see Tuskegee Airmen for their address). Lastly, you can try the National Air and Space Museum.


FAQ on Mr. Lear

All the materials we have on Mr. Lear is on the website. You can also check the national aviation hall of fame (www.nationalaviation.org) to see if there is any more information related to your question.


FAQ on Charles A. Lindbergh

For more detail on Charles A. Lindbergh, check the following site that has several bios on Lindbergh


FAQ on Capt. Scott O'Grady

We  would suggest that you contact the USAF, Office of Public Relations. They should be able to give you more information on him. We have no way to contact him.


FAQ on information on Dr von Ohain

If you go to http://inventors.about.com/library/inventors/bljetengine.htm   you will get more information. You should contact Wright Patterson AFB about more information on Dr. von Ohain


FAQ on August Piccard

The information that we have is on our website. You might find more about Piccard in your neighborhood library or go to Yahoo! and use the special options search using the keywords August Piccard. Be sure to use the "exact match (AND)" option. This will give you many sites on ballooning and you might find more on the man.


FAQ on Bill Piper

All the information that we have on Mr. Piper is found on our webpages. You might try to contact the San Diego Aerospace Museum. They manage the International Aerospace Hall of Fame and they gave us permission to place his small biographical sketch on our website.


FAQ on Baron Manfred von Richthofen

For more information on Baron Manfred von Richthofen, go to http://www.allstar.fiu.edu/aero/richthofen.htm. Richthofen was born into royalty.


FAQ on GEN Carl Spaatz

You might find materials about Gen. Spaatz like photos at NARA, Air and Space Museum, the National Aviation Hall of Fame I believe may have a biography, as well as what we have on General Spaatz. Also, the US Army Archives may have some information.


FAQ on a picture of Konstantin Tsiolkovsky

The material we present came after the book "In these we honor".   However, if you go to http://www.informatics.org/museum/   which I found on the internet, you will find a picture of the man.  


FAQ on Richard Pearse

A question was asked as to why we don't mention Richard Pearse.  Consider the man mentioned....

On March 31, 1903, Richard Pearse flew his bamboo monoplane over the lush pastures of his farm before crashing unceremoniously onto a hedge, family members and other witnesses said. It was his first successful flight and came months before Orville Wright took to the air in the Wright Flyer over the North Carolina dunes near Kitty Hawk on Dec. 17 that year, a flight that landed Orville and his brother Wilbur in the history books.

The reason was the nature of the Wrights' flight. While several others are thought to have gotten machines off the ground first, the Wrights won acclaim because theirs was the "first powered, sustained and controlled flight by an airplane," said Dick Knapinski, spokesman for the Experimental Aircraft Association in Oshkosh, Wis.

Pearse himself conceded the honor to the Wrights, agreeing that none of his flights were fully controlled, most ended in the hedges around his farm that grew high because he was too busy working on his plane to trim them.

from the website http://www.news-star.com/stories/042703/TCO_8.html

Since Pearse claim to fame would have been "first powered, sustained and controlled flight by an airplane" and Pearse himself agreed that he did not control his aircraft, he is not discussed. In fact, someone even before him (in 1901) put in the claim and we have discussed him on our site. Just go to http://www.allstar.fiu.edu/ and click on the search button then type in Weiskopf or Whitehead.



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Updated: February 23, 2007