To Non-Java ALLSTAR Network Website
Please let me remind all of you--this
material is copyrighted. Though partially funded by NASA, it is still a
private site. Therefore, before using our materials in any form, electronic or
otherwise, you need to ask permission.
There are two ways to browse the site: (1) use the search button above to find specific materials using keywords; or,
(2) go to specific headings like history, principles or careers at specific levels above and click on the button.
Teachers may go directly to the Teachers' Guide from the For Teachers button above or site browse as in (1) and (2).
On September 6, 1976 a Russian-built military aircraft landed at Japan's Hakodate Airport. The plane,a Mikoyan MIG-25, code-named by NATO the Foxbat, was piloted by Lieutenant Viktor Belenko, an officer of the Soviet Air Force. When Lieutenant Belenko defected to the West in his Foxbat, U.S. Air Force experts got their first close-up took at Russia's first-line fighter aircraft-and what they saw impressed them.
The Foxbat was a high-wing, twin-tailed, single-seat interceptor capable of flying at nearly three times the speed of sound at 80,000 feet and incorporated a number of features common to Soviet military aircraft. Its design emphasized ease of manufacturing and maintenance, as well as operational reliability. Another unique feature was an automatic early warning system that alerted the pilot to 16 unsafe conditions-such as engine or hydraulic system malfunction-and did so verbally in a woman's voice.
The MIG-25 Foxbat was powered by two Tumansky R-266 turbojet engines, each developing a maximum thrust of almost 30,000 pounds. The Foxbat carried an enormous amount of fuel-more than 30,000 pounds in eight separate tanks-for with its after burners operating at maximum thrust the plane consumed nearly two pounds of fuel per hour for each pound of thrust it produced.
Other outstanding features of the Foxbat were its automatic flight control and navigational systems, which took over operation of the aircraft shortly after takeoff. The system flew the Foxbat through its mission with ground control data input and returned the plane to within less than 200 feet of its landing objective.
The interceptor version of the Foxbat could be armed with four air-to-air missiles of either infrared heat-seeking and/or radar-guidance types.
Although admitting that the MIG-25 Foxbat performed its mission well, U.S. Air Force experts who examined and flew* the Soviet aircraft concluded that it was less sophisticated electronically than America's top-rated fighter-interceptors.
Interestingly, the Soviet Union
rushed the Foxbat into production in the early 1960s as a deterrent to
America's B-70-a Mach 3 bomber the United States never put into service.
The preceding information was extracted from the pamphlet,
"The Great Airplanes Sterling Silver Miniature Collection", published by The Franklin Mint, 1979.
Permission was granted to ALLSTAR by The Franklin Mint to use the preceding materials.
ALLSTAR maintains the copyright for the format in which the material is presented.
Send all comments to email@example.com
© 1995-2018 ALLSTAR Network. All rights reserved worldwide.
|Funded in part by||Used with permission from The Franklin Mint|
Updated: March 12, 2004