To Non-Java ALLSTAR Network Website

                                                                                                                                                                        JAVA-capable browser required for graphic-based menus (Exploer 3.0 or Netscape 2.0 or greater)

Please let me remind all of you--this material is copyrighted.  Though partially funded by NASA, it is still a private site.  Therefore, before using our materials in any form, electronic or otherwise, you need to ask permission.
There are two ways to browse the site: (1) use the search button above to find specific materials using keywords; or,
(2) go to specific headings like history, principles or careers at specific levels above and click on the button.
Teachers may go directly to the Teachers' Guide from the For Teachers button above or site browse as in (1) and (2).

FAQnewred.gif (906 bytes)           

Early Flight History - Level 1

Montgolfier Balloon (France)

The first journey made by man in a balloon occurred in November 1783. The aerial journey was made over Paris by Jean Francois Pilatre de Rozier who was accompanied by his companion Marquis d'Arlandes whose job it was to stoke the brazier which produced the hot air to keep the balloon aloft.

Montgolfier Brothers' Balloon

La France (France)

The La France, built by Renard and Krebs in 1884, was the first airship which could be steered in any direction regardless of the wind. Its insufficient powerplant, electrically driven, had a speed of only 14 1/2 mph.

La France airship

Graf Zeppelin Airship (Germany)

The Graf Zeppelin was the most successful airship ever built. It pioneered passenger travel over the Atlantic long before airplanes were capable of long range flight. Its first flight was in September 1928. The Zeppelin Company, a German firm, built a series of airships between 1900 and 1936 which made their own contribution to aviation history including aerial cruises and reconnaissance flights between Europe, North and South America. After nearly 10 decades of service the Zeppelin Company retired these airships from service.

Graf Zeppelin (LZ-127)

Cayley's First Airplane (England)

Sir George Cayley is known as the "Father of Aerial Navigation." In 1799 he designed the first airplane with wings, fuselage, tail unit and a means of propulsion. In 1804 he flew the first successful model airplane which had a kite-shaped wing mounted on a pole with a universally-jointed tail unit. The modern airplane has a similar configuration.

Cayley's first airplane

Otto Lilienthal Glider (Germany)

Gliding by definition means to move smoothly, and continuously. As man watched birds such as the albatross and gull, he observed their ability to soar for long periods without the need to flap their wings. To some it was a mystery but to others who understood the movements of the air, its cooling and heating, it was an incentive to design a device, heavier than air, with no power source, which could move through the air like a bird. This device is known as a glider. One of the great pioneers of gliding was Otto Lilienthal. Although he was successful in pioneering the art of gliding, he lost control, crashed and died on a flight on August 9, 1896.


Otto Lilienthal


Lilenthal's Biplane Glider

Send all comments to
1995-2018 ALLSTAR Network. All rights reserved worldwide.

Funded in part by From
Raytheon Aviation
Educational Materials

Updated: 12 Mar 2004