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1907 - 1966
Sergei Pavlovich Korolev was born December 30, 1907 at Zhitomir, Russia. He graduated from the Bauman Technological Institute in Moscow and received his pilot's license in 1930. At Bauman he studied under Andrei Tupolev and read Tsiolkovsky and Tsander, kindling his interest in manned space flight. He was active in rocket study groups and participated in the launch of the first Soviet liquid-fueled rocket in 1933.
After World War II, Korolev directed the activities of the German V-2 scientists working in the Soviet rocket program and achieved great success with the R-7 rocket.
Korolev's place in history was assured by his direction of the launch of SPUTNIK, the first artificial satellite, on October 4, 1957. Confirmation of his genius came again on April 12, 1961 when another of his designs carried Yuri Gagarin, the first man in space, into orbit around the Earth.
Korolev died on January 14, 1966.
Invested 1990 in the International Aerospace Hall of Fame
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