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National Science Standards-Grades 9-12 found on Level 2

Science Content Standards: 9-12

Note: Whenever you see this picture, look for a quote of special interest from the National Academy Press, National Science Education Standards publication. The NAP reserves all rights, and our use is with permission!
Science as Inquiry

CONTENT STANDARD A:

This standard describes the fundamental abilities and understandings of inquiry, as well as a larger framework for conducting scientific investigations of natural phenomena.

As a result of activities in grades 9-12, all students should develop:

Abilities necessary to do scientific inquiry Example 1
Understandings about scientific inquiry Example 1

For samples of an ALLSTAR lesson for this standard, click on the word "Example" or highlighted word(s) in the text.

 


Note: Whenever you see this picture, look for a quote of special interest from the National Academy Press, National Science Education Standards publication. The NAP reserves all rights, and our use is with permission!

Physical Science

CONTENT STANDARD B:

As a result of their activities in grades 9-12, all students should develop an understanding of:

Structure of atoms
Structure and properties of matter
Chemical Reactions
Motions and forces
Conservation of energy and increase in disorder
Interactions of energy and matter

For samples of an ALLSTAR lesson for this standard, click on the word "Example" or highlighted word(s) in the text.

GUIDE TO CONTENT STANDARD "B"

Fundamental concepts and principles that underlie this standard include:

 

STRUCTURE OF ATOMS

Examples for Structure of Atoms Example 1

 

STRUCTURE AND PROPERTIES OF MATTER

Examples for Structure and Properties of Matter Example 1

 

CHEMICAL REACTIONS

Examples for Chemical Reactions  Example 1

 

MOTIONS AND FORCES

Examples for Motions and Forces Example 1; Example 2

 

CONSERVATION OF ENERGY AND THE INCREASE IN DISORDER

Examples for Conservation of Energy and Increase in Disorder Example 1; Example 2

 

INTERACTIONS OF ENERGY AND MATTER

Examples for Interactions of Energy and Matter Example 1

 

DEVELOPING STUDENT UNDERSTANDING

"High-school students develop the ability to relate the macroscopic properties of substances that they study in grades K-8 to the microscopic structure of substances. This development in understanding requires students to move among three domains of thought--the macroscopic world of observable phenomena, the microscopic world of molecules, atoms, and subatomic particles, and the symbolic and mathematical world of chemical formulas, equations, and symbols."

 


Life Science CONTENT STANDARD C: N/A


Earth and Space Science CONTENT STANDARD D: N/A


 

 

Note: Whenever you see this picture, look for a quote of special interest from the National Academy Press, National Science Education Standards publication. The NAP reserves all rights, and our use is with permission!

Science and Technology

CONTENT STANDARD E:


As a result of activities in grades 9-12, all students should develop

Abilities of technological design
Understandings about science and technology

For samples of an ALLSTAR lesson for this standard, click on the word "Example" or highlighted word(s) in the text.

GUIDE TO CONTENT STANDARD "E"

Fundamental abilities and concepts that underlie this standard include:

ABILITIES OF TECHNOLOGICAL DESIGN

Examples for Abilities of Technological Design Example 1

 

UNDERSTANDINGS ABOUT SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY

Examples for Understandings About Science and Technology Example 1 ; Example 2

 

DEVELOPING STUDENT UNDERSTANDING

"... In general, high school students do not distinguish between the roles of science and technology. Helping them do so is implied by this standard. This lack of distinction between science and technology is further confused by students' positive perceptions of science, as when they associate it with medical research and use the common phrase "scientific progress." However, their association of technology is often with environmental problems and another common phrase, "technological problems." With regard to the connection between science and technology, students as well as many adults and teachers of science indicate a belief that science influences technology..."

 

 


Note: Whenever you see this picture, look for a quote of special interest from the National Academy Press, National Science Education Standards publication. The NAP reserves all rights, and our use is with permission!

Science in Personal and Social Perspectives

CONTENT STANDARD F:

As a result of activities in grades 9-12, all students should develop understanding of:

Personal and community health
Population growth N/A
Natural resources N/A
Environmental quality N/A
Natural and human-induced hazards
Science and technology in local, national, and global challenges

For samples of an ALLSTAR lesson for this standard, click on the word "Example" or highlighted word(s) in the text.

GUIDE TO CONTENT STANDARD "F"

Fundamental concepts and principles that underlie this standard include

PERSONAL AND COMMUNITY HEALTH

Examples for Personal and Community Health    Example 1

 

NATURAL AND HUMAN-INDUCED HAZARDS

Examples for Natural and Human-induced Hazards Example 1

 

SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY IN LOCAL, NATIONAL, AND GLOBAL CHALLENGES

Examples for Science and Technology in Local, National, and Global Challenges Example 1

 

DEVELOPING STUDENT UNDERSTANDING

"The organizing principles for this standard do not identify specific personal and societal challenges, rather they form a set of conceptual organizers, fundamental understandings, and implied actions for most contemporary issues. The organizing principles apply to local as well as global phenomena and represent challenges that occur on scales that vary from quite short--for example, natural hazards--to very long--for example, the potential result of global changes."

 

 

 


Note: Whenever you see this picture, look for a quote of special interest from the National Academy Press, National Science Education Standards publication. The NAP reserves all rights, and our use is with permission!

History and Nature of Science

CONTENT STANDARD G:


As a result of activities in grades 9-12, all students should develop understanding of

Science as a human endeavor
Nature of science
History of science

For samples of an ALLSTAR lesson for this standard, click on the word "Example" or highlighted word(s) in the text.

GUIDE TO CONTENT STANDARD "G"

Fundamental concepts and principles that underlie this standard include:

 

SCIENCE AS A HUMAN ENDEAVOR

Example for Science as a Human Endeavor    Example 1

 

NATURE OF SCIENTIFIC KNOWLEDGE

Example for Nature of Science     Example 1

 

HISTORICAL PERSPECTIVES

Example for History of Science     Example 1

 

DEVELOPING STUDENT UNDERSTANDING

"The National Science Education Standards use history to elaborate various aspects of scientific inquiry, the nature of science, and science in different historical and cultural perspectives. The standards on the history and nature of science are closely aligned with the nature of science and historical episodes described in the American Association for the Advancement of Science Benchmarks for Science Literacy. Teachers of science can incorporate other historical examples that may accommodate different interests, topics, disciplines, and cultures--as the intention of the standard is to develop an understanding of the human dimensions of science, the nature of scientific knowledge, and the enterprise of science in society--and not to develop a comprehensive understanding of history."

Copyright 1995 National Academy of Sciences. All Rights Reserved.

 

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Updated: March 12, 2004