To Non-Java ALLSTAR Network Website
Please let me remind all of you--this
material is copyrighted. Though partially funded by NASA, it is still a
private site. Therefore, before using our materials in any form, electronic or
otherwise, you need to ask permission.
There are two ways to browse the site: (1) use the search button above to find specific materials using keywords; or,
(2) go to specific headings like history, principles or careers at specific levels above and click on the button.
Teachers may go directly to the Teachers' Guide from the For Teachers button above or site browse as in (1) and (2).
At the end of this block of study, you should be able to:
5.42 Identify the country which launched the world's first
5.43 Know when the field of aviation expanded and changed to aerospace.
5.44 Discuss America's reaction to the Soviet Union's satellite launch.
The United States and most of the world was surprised on
October 4, 1957, when the Soviet Union launched Sputnik
the world's first artificial satellite. It was at this
point flight was extended into space, and the field of aviation
expanded and changed to aerospace.
The impact on the Western powers was immediate. The United States realized the same rocket carrying Sputnik could also deliver a nuclear weapon. The country also realized that the Soviet Union had gained a great deaf of prestige In the eyes of the smaller countries In the world.
Priority was given to putting an American satellite into orbit and at the same time developing an operational missile for the United States. The first of these was accomplished on January 1, 1958, with the launch of Explorer I. The second would be longer in coming. The Atlas was tested twice in September 1957, but both launches failed. By December 1957, the Atlas was successfully launched; however, it flew only 600 miles. It would be the end of 1959 before Atlas was perfected and included in the Strategic Air Command's inventory of deterrent weapons.
Send all comments to email@example.com
© 1995-2018 ALLSTAR Network. All rights reserved worldwide.
|Funded in part by||From
Civil Air Patrol
Updated: 12 March, 2004